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- Encyclopaedia Of Soil Mechanics & Geotechnical Properties Of
Soil mechanics is a branch of engineering mechanics that describes the behaviour of soils. It differs from fluid mechanics and solid mechanics in the sense that soils consist of a heterogeneous mixture of fluids (usually air and water) and particles (usually clay, silt, sand, and gravel) but soil may also contain organic solids, liquids, and gasses and other matter. Along with rock mechanics, soil mechanics provides the theoretical basis for analysis in geotechnical engineering, a subdiscipline of Civil engineering, and engineering geology, a subdiscipline of geology. Soil mechanics is used to analyse the deformations of and flow of fluids within natural and man-made structures that are supported on or made of soil, or structures that are buried in soils. Examples applications are building and bridge foundations, retaining walls, dams, and buried pipeline systems. Principles of soil mechanics are also used in related disciplines such as geophysical engineering, coastal engineering, agricultural engineering, hydrology and soil physics. The primary mechanism of soil creation is the weathering of rock. All rock types may be broken down into small particles to create soil. Weathering mechanisms are physical weathering, chemical weathering, and biological weathering. Human activities such as excavation, blasting, and waste disposal, may also create soil. Over geologic time, deeply buried soils may be altered by pressure and temperature to become metamorphic or sedimentary rock, and if melted and solidified again, they would complete the geologic cycle by becoming igneous rock. In geotechnical engineering, soils are considered a three-phase material composed of: rock or mineral particles, water and air. The voids of a soil, the spaces in between mineral particles, contain the water and air. The engineering properties of soils are affected by four main factors: the predominant size of the mineral particles, the type of mineral particles, the grain size distribution, and the relative quantities of mineral, water and air present in the soil matrix. The encyclopaedia is aimed at those who will be or who are in some way or other involved with ground conditions. In other words it is primarily written for engineering geologists, agriculturists, civil engineers and mining engineers.
AUTOR: Morris, Alberto
EDITORA: Auris Reference
DISPONIBILIDADE DO PRODUTO: Sob Encomenda - Até 40 dias ( Importação )